Year 2005
Calendar
By Tradition...
Jewish - Kabbalah
Holidays - 2005
Christian -
Ecumenical Mysticism /
Wisdom Tradition

Holidays - 2005
Unitarian Universalist
Holidays - 2005
Muslim - Sufi
Holidays - 2005
Baha'i Holidays - 2005
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Hindu Holidays - 2005
Jain & Sikh
Holidays - 2005
Buddhist Holidays - 2005
Taoist & Shinto
Holidays - 2005
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African &
Middle-Eastern
Holidays:
Ancient Egyptian,
Santeria, Zoroastrian - 2005
Native American
(Iroquois, Navajo
& Pueblo)
& Meso American
(Inca, Mayan & Aztec)
Holidays - 2005
Pagan Holidays:
Old Religions of Europe
(Greek, Roman, Slavic,
Celtic, Anglo-Teutonic
& Norse) - 2005
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Deep Ecology /
Environmentalist
Dates - 2005
Social Justice /
Human Rights /
Feminist
Dates - 2005
Peace /
Disarmament
Dates - 2005
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Solar & Lunar Cycles,
Eclipses & Helions - 2005
Meteor Showers - 2005
Visible Planets - 2005
Astrological Periods - 2005
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Experiential Meditations
(for lunar cycles

throughout the year)
Empowering Meditations
Action Offerings
(to help the environment 
& further social justice)
Art as Meditation
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2005 Buddhist Holidays
Vajrayana, Mahayana & Hinayana Buddhism:
Tibetan, Pure Land, Zen & Theravada dates

* 1/1: World Peace Day--Day to meditate for peace throughout the world. [Universal Hour of Peace: 7:00-8:00 a.m. EST.]

* 1/1: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for being mindful of the peace, joy, and beauty of the moment.

* 1/4: Day ethnic discrimination was outlawed world-wide (1969); day to mourn all manifestations of racism. [Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination: signed/adopted 3/7/1966; entered into force 1/4/1969.] [Text of Convention] [The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) monitors implementation of the Convention. For more information, see Human Rights Watch website.] [Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Text of Declaration) and Article 2 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) also prohibit discrimination on account of race.] [The U.N. has designated 3/21 to 3/27 Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling against Racism and Racial Discrimination.]

* 1/10: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught of Four Noble Truths - suffering is part of life; suffering is caused by desire for (and attachment to) sense-pleasures, wealth, power, dogma, and changelessness; freedom from suffering (nirvana) is possible; and the Eightfold Path is the means to freedom from suffering. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 1/10: Day North Korea (D.P.R.K.) withdrew from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (2003). [About North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program] [Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: signed 7/1/1968; entered into force 3/5/1970.] [Text of Convention] [The International Atomic Energy Agency (I.A.E.A.) is authorized to enforce compliance with the Treaty. For more information, see I.A.E.A. website; Federation of American Scientists (F.A.S.) Nuke Guide; Human Rights Watch report: Democratic People's Republic of Korea.]

* 1/12: Day genocide was outlawed world-wide (1951); day to mourn all victims of genocide. [Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide: signed/adopted 12/9/1948; entered into force 1/12/1951.] [Text of Convention] [For more information, see Prevent Genocide International website.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should condemn all past genocides and, to prevent future genocides, should demand an end to persecution on account of any nationality, ethnicity, "race" or religion.]

* 1/16: World Religions Day--Day to contemplate all religions as different paths to the one universal Deity of many names and aspects.

* 1/17: Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on Buddha Deities Amitayus and White Tara, who grant good health and long life. In Tibetan Buddhism, Buddhas and Bodhisattvas are symbolic abstractions and aspects of Adi-Buddha - the masculine and feminine, transcendent and immanent, omniscient and omnipotent, primordial and eternal Absolute. [See Amitayus Mantra, Medicine Buddha Mantra, and White Tara Mantra.] [a/k/a Amitayus Buddha Day, Medicine Buddha Day, Tara Puja] [8th Tibetan day]

* 1/25: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 2/4: Vigil for peace, religious tolerance, and equal rights for all in Sri Lanka - now in the throes of civil war. [Sri Lanka's civil war arose out of the legal preference given to the Sinhala people, the Sinhalese language, and the Buddhist religion over the Tamil people, the Tamil language, and the Hindu religion. The Sri Lankan civil war has been ongoing since 1983. On 2/22/2002, the Sri Lankan government and the Tamil Tigers guerrilla organization signed a cease fire and, on 12/5/2002, an agreement was reached to develop a federal structure of government with regional autonomy. However, the Tamil Tigers pulled out of peace talks in 4/2003, claiming they were being marginalized.] [Sri Lanka gained its independence on 2/4/1948.] [See Wikipedia article on the Sri Lankan Civil War. For a timeline on the conflict, see BBC News website. For information on the peace process, see Sri Lankan government peace process website; National Peace Council of Sri Lanka website. For information on the human rights situation, see Human Rights Watch report: Sri Lanka; U.S. State Department International Religious Freedom Report for 2004: Sri Lanka.] [Articles 2 and 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Text of Declaration) and Articles 2 and 18 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) guarantee freedom of religion and prohibit discrimination on account of religion, language, and ethnicity.]

* 2/5: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for being mindful that you, and all that is, are in the process of transformation.

* 2/8: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught an Eightfold Path to enlightenment - right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 2/8: Sojong Day--Tibetan Buddhist day of fasting, confession, and reparation for harm done. [Observed primarily by monks and nuns.] [a/k/a Sojong Chemno]

* 2/9 to 2/12: Hsih Nien/Suhl/Tet--Chinese and East Asian Lunar New Year (Year 4703: the Rooster).

* 2/9 to 2/24: Losar/Tibetan Buddhist New Year (Year 2132: the Wood Bird) & Monlam Chenmo/Great Prayer Festival--Commemorates miracles performed by the Buddha. Rituals, dances, and sculptures are offered to drive out evil spirits and to protect and benefit all sentient beings. [Ends on Chotrul Duchen.]

* 2/15: Nehan--Zen Buddhist celebration of the Buddha's paranirvana (483 BCE). Forms of Buddhism include Hinayana (Theravada), Mahayana (Zen/Japanese and Pure Land/Chinese), and Vajrayana (Tantra/Tibetan).

* 2/16: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on and emulate White Tara's healing of self and others of physical and mental illness. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See White Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 2/19: Day President Franklin Roosevelt ordered the internment of loyal Japanese Americans during World War II (1942); day to mourn Asian victims of internment and exclusion (past and present), make peace, and celebrate empowerment of Asian Americans. [The internment was authorized by Executive Order 9066.] [While Emperor Hirohito's Japanese government attacked the U.S., Japanese Americans did not authorize or approve of the attack. While it was appropriate to blame the Japanese government for the war against the U.S., it was immoral to blame all ethnic Japanese for the acts of the Japanese government.]

* 2/24: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 3/1: Day the production and use of landmines was outlawed world-wide (1999); day to mourn their victims. [Protocol on Prohibition or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps, and Other Devices a/k/a Convention on Landmines a/k/a Mine Ban Treaty, amending the 1980 Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects: Treaty signed/adopted 10/10/1980; entered into force 12/2/1983; Protocol signed 12/3/1997; entered into force 3/1/1999.] [Text of Convention] [Burma is still manufacturing and laying landmines. China, North Korea, Vietnam, and Singapore may still be manufacturing landmines. China, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, and the U.S. have not ratified the Protocol.] [Landmines maim and kill civilians, including children. Those that survive endure a lifetime of hardship.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should renounce the production and use of landmines, and should demand removal and destruction of all existing landmines.] [For more information, see International Campaign to Ban Landmines (I.C.B.L.) website; Landmine Monitor website; Adopt a Minefield website.]

* 3/5: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for being mindful that you are connected to each and every sentient being that has ever existed.

* 3/8: International Women's Day--Day to mourn victims of gender-based oppression and misogyny (past and present), make peace, and celebrate women's empowerment. [See U.N. website on International Women's Day; A history of International Women's Day.]

* 3/10: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught that right understanding and right thought are the means to wisdom. Wisdom is the realization of impermanence and interdependence. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 3/18: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on and emulate Green Tara's lovingkindness to self and others. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See Green Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 3/21: Haru-no-Higan--Day Japanese Buddhists mark the time of change by meditating on the impermanence of death. [a/k/a Ohigan]

* 3/21: World Forest Day--Day to celebrate the complex living community of trees, plants, birds, and mammals that live in forests world-wide; day to give thanks for forests for cleaning the air of pollution. [Forest once covered 50% of the world. Today, forest covers only 30% of the world. Since 1600, 90% of the original forests that once covered the lower 48 states of the U.S. has been cleared away. Most deforestation of North America, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia occurred before 2000 and has stabilized. Deforestation continues to accelerate in South America and Africa. The rate of world deforestation averaged 5.2 million hectares per year between 2000 and 2010.] [For information about conservation of forests, see American Forests website; Forests.org website; International Union for Conservation of Nature (I.U.C.N.) website; World Wildlife Fund (W.W.F.) website; Greenpeace website. See also Statement of Principles for the Sustainable Management of Forests; Our Forests, Our Future: Summary Report of the World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should demand an end to deforestation, and should demand universal observance of sustainable management practices of the world's forests.] [a/k/a World Forestry Day]

* 3/25: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 3/26: Day production and use of biological weapons was outlawed world-wide (1975); day to mourn their victims. [Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction a/k/a Biological Weapons Convention: signed 4/10/1972; entered into force 3/26/1975.] [Text of Convention] [China and North Korea are believed to currently have biological weapons programs in spite of the Treaty's prohibition. Both have ratified the Treaty.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of biological weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.] [For more information, see Wikipedia article on Biological Warfare. See also U.N. Office for Disarmament Affairs (U.N.O.D.A.) website; Federation of American Scientists (F.A.S.) Biological and Chemical Weapons Main Page.]

* 3/28: Chinese Buddhist festival of Bodhisattva Kuan Yin (Tibetan Tara/Japanese Kannon); celebrates Her "birth." She declared women the spiritual equals of men. [2nd Chinese month, 19th day]

* 3/31: Vigil to mourn China's annexation of Tibet (1959) and the killings, torture, and religious persecution of Tibetan Buddhists. [Day the Dalai Lama fled into exile following the Chinese invasion of Tibet.] [Articles 2 and 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Text of Declaration) and Articles 2 and 18 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) guarantee freedom of religion and prohibit discrimination on account of religion.] [For more information, see International Campaign for Tibet website; Human Rights Watch report: China and Tibet; U.S. State Department International Religious Freedom Report for 2004: China and Tibet.]

* 4/2: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for being mindful that the joys and suffering of others are your joys and suffering.

* 4/7: World Health Day--Day to pray for healing of all those chronically and seriously ill; day to advocate for adequate health care for all. [Day the World Health Organization (W.H.O.) was founded in 1948.] [For information on World Health Day, see World Health Organization website.] [For information on the World Health Organization, see World Health Organization website.]

* 4/8: Zen Buddhist celebration of the Buddha's birth (563 BCE). Buddhists study sacred texts, meditate, pray, chant mantras, and make devotional offerings to the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas.

* 4/8: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught that right understanding is understanding things the way they are without ignorance or delusion. And right thought is the intention and commitment to develop selfless detachment, loving-kindness, harmlessness, and compassion. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 4/16: Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on Bodhisattva Deities Avalokitesvara and Green Tara, consciousness and empowerment of Compassion. Buddhists recognize the equality of all sentient beings. [See Avalokitesvara Mantra and Green Tara Mantra.] [a/k/a Tara Puja] [8th Tibetan day]

* 4/17: Day Cambodia fell to the Khmer Rouge, who caused the deaths of more than a million civilians (1975); vigil for true peace, justice, and respect for the human rights of all in East Asia. [For more information, see Yale Cambodian Genocide Study; Peace Pledge Union article on the Cambodian Genocide. For information on the human rights situation today, see Human Rights Watch report: Cambodia.]

* 4/22: Earth Day--Day to honor the Earth and to meditate on Deity manifesting as Mother Earth. [For information about Earth Day activities, see Earthday Network website; Envirolink website; U.S. E.P.A. website for Earth Day.] [a/k/a International Earth Day, National Earth Day]

* 4/22: Day the world's nations guaranteed asylum to those persecuted in their homelands on account of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group (1954). [Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees: signed 7/28/1951; entered into force 4/22/1954.] [Text of Convention] [For more information, see United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (U.N.H.C.R.) website; Human Rights Watch website.]

* 4/24: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 4/29: Day production and use of chemical weapons was outlawed world-wide (1997); day to mourn their victims. [Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons a/k/a Chemical Weapons Convention: signed 1/13/1993; entered into force 4/29/1997.] [Text of Convention] [China and North Korea are believed to currently possess chemical weapons in spite of the Treaty's prohibition. China has ratified the Treaty; North Korea has not. The U.S. is currently in the process of destroying its chemical weapons in compliance with the Treaty.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of chemical weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.] [For more information, see Wikipedia article on Chemical Warfare. See also U.N. Office for Disarmament Affairs (U.N.O.D.A.) website; Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (O.P.C.W.) webpage; Federation of American Scientists (F.A.S.) Biological and Chemical Weapons Main Page.] [a/k/a Day of Remembrance for All Victims of Chemical Warfare] [See U.N. website on Chemical Warfare Victims Remembrance Day.]

* 5/3: Dakinis' Day--Day Tantric Buddhists make offerings to the Dakinis (female embodiments of enlightened energy) and Mother Tantra; day to unite will and power to manifest positive social change and environmental healing. [Observed primarily by Tantric initiates.] [a/k/a Dakini Puja, Mother Tantra Puja, Tsog, Tsok] [25th Tibetan day]

* 5/5: National Day of Prayer--Day to pray for freedom of expression, freedom of religion, and separation of religion and government throughout the world. [Freedom of expression, freedom of religion, and separation of religion and government is guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment. For text and information on the First Amendment, see Cornell University's Legal Information Institute website. For domestic organizations that advocate for freedom of religion, see Americans United for Separation of Church and State website; American Civil Liberty Union website. For information on religious freedom in countries around the world, see U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Report; Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief website.]

* 5/7: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for being mindful that everything you do, or fail to do, affects all sentient beings.

* 5/8: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught that right speech, right action, and right livelihood are the means to ethical conduct, which is the means to develop loving-kindness and compassion for all living beings. He embraced moderation, rejecting asceticism as well as hedonism. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 5/9: Day the world's nations committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which are causing climate change (1992); day to mourn the failure to reduce these emissions. [Due to these emissions, the planet has already started to experience the impacts of climate change: increased extremes of summer dryness (heat waves, droughts, and wildfires) and winter wetness (flooding); an increase in extreme weather (hurricanes and tornados); an increase of sea level (loss of coastline and loss of fresh water); a decrease in glaciers and polar ice caps; an increase in volcanic eruptions and earthquakes; loss of human habitat; loss of food availability (increase in food costs); and loss of plant and animal species (on land, in the oceans, and on the ice caps).] [Framework Convention on Climate Change: adopted 5/9/1992; signed 6/4/1992; entered into force 3/21/1994.] [Text of Convention] [The Kyoto Protocol, which includes mandatory reduction goals, was adopted by 180 nations 12/11/1997, signed 3/16/1998, and entered into force 2/16/2005.] [Text of Protocol] [The U.S. has refused to ratify the Protocol. The U.S. is the biggest polluter on the planet. 25% of the planet's carbon dioxide emissions is emitted by the U.S.] [For more information, see U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change website; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change website; Center for International Environmental Law website; Greenpeace website; EarthJustice website; Columbia University website on Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors. See also Wikipedia article on the Kyoto Protocol.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should demand universal observance of practices that effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions.]

* 5/15: Chinese Buddhist festival celebrating the birth, enlightenment, and parinirvana of Fo Shihchiamouni (Buddha Shakyamuni/Siddhartha Gautama) (563-483 BCE). [a/k/a Buddha Day] [4th Chinese month, 8th day]

* 5/16: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on and emulate Green Tara's compassion for the sick, the poor, and the persecuted. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See Green Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 5/22: Biological Diversity Day--Day to recognize that the survival of humanity is dependent on the survival of the many diverse species on the Earth: The extinction of other species will bring about our own extinction. [There has been a 40% loss of species between 1970 and 2000 due to habitat destruction, over-harvesting, and pollution. Our unsustainable consumption exceeds the biological capacity of the Earth by about 20%.] [See U.N. website on International Day for Biological Diversity.] [And see the Convention on Biological Diversity: signed 6/5/1992; entered into force 12/29/1993.] [Text of Convention] [And see the Convention on Biological Diversity website.] [The Convention on Biological Diversity was contracted to ensure conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.] [For more information, see Center for International Environmental Law website.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should demand universal observance of practices that effectively preserve all species of life, and should demand an end to habitat destruction, over-harvesting, and pollution of all kinds.] [a/k/a International Day for Biological Diversity, World Biological Diversity Day, Biodiversity Day]

* 5/23 (Th B 5/23): Saga Dawa Duchen--Tibetan (and Theravadin) Buddhist festival celebrating the birth, enlightenment, and parinirvana of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE). [Theravadin Buddhist festival a/k/a Wesak, Vesak, Vesakha Puja, Visakha Puja, Budh Purnima, Buddha Jayanti] [Tibetan Buddhist festival: 4th Tibetan month, 15th day; Theravadin Buddhist festival: May UT Full Moon day]

* 5/23: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 6/4: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for mindfully seeing the interdependence of all things at all times.

* 6/4: Day to mourn the massacre of the peaceful, pro-democracy protesters in [Tiananmen Square, Beijing,] China (1989); vigil for democracy and respect for the human rights of all in China. [For more information, see Human Rights Watch report: China; U.S. State Department International Religious Freedom Report for 2004: China.]

* 6/6: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught the Five Precepts of Morality - refrain from harming living beings, refrain from taking that which is not given, refrain from sexual misconduct, refrain from false and harmful speech, and refrain from intoxicants that cause heedlessness. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 6/15: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on and emulate Red Tara as protector of self and others against evil and harm. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See Red Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 6/22: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 6/26: Day torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment were outlawed world-wide (1987); day to mourn their continued existence. [Torture is an illegal, immoral, and ineffective means of interrogation and punishment. All officials have a legal duty and moral obligation to refuse an order to commit torture and to prevent it from occurring. Anyone who attempts, conspires, or commits torture is legally culpable. All acts of torture should be investigated, prosecuted, and punished. Neither war nor civil strife nor emergency justifies torture.] [Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment: adopted 12/10/1984; signed 2/4/1985; entered into force 6/26/1987.] [Text of Convention] [The Committee Against Torture monitors implementation of the Convention. For more information, see U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights website; Human Rights Watch website.] [Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Text of Declaration) and Article 7 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) also guarantee freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.] [See U.N. website on Torture Victims' Day.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should condemn torture, and should demand an end to the use of torture - of anyone for any purpose.] [a/k/a International Day in Support of Victims of Torture]

* 7/1: Day the world's nations committed to stop proliferation of nuclear weapons (1968); vigil to protest the production and use of all nuclear weapons world-wide. [Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: signed 7/1/1968; entered into force 3/5/1970.] [Text of Convention] [The U.S. used 2 atomic bombs on Japan in 8/1945: over 270,000 civilians died from the bombs and radiation. The original nuclear powers (including the U.S. and China) have failed to destroy their nuclear weapons in spite of the Treaty's requirement that they work towards disarmament. North Korea has developed nuclear weapons in spite of the Treaty's prohibition. 9 countries are known to currently possess nuclear weapons, and other countries are attempting to develop or acquire them.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of nuclear weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.] [For more information, see Wikipedia article on Nuclear Warfare. See also U.N. Office for Disarmament Affairs (U.N.O.D.A.) website; International Atomic Energy Agency (I.A.E.A.) website. And see Federation of American Scientists (F.A.S.) nuke guide for information on North Korea's nukes.]

* 7/1: Day endangered species became internationally protected (1975); day to celebrate all the world's creatures. [Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora a/k/a C.I.T.E.S.: signed/adopted 3/3/1973; entered into force 7/1/1975.] [Text of Convention] [For more information, see U.N. Environment Programme C.I.T.E.S. website; World Wildlife Fund (W.W.F.) website; Endangered Species Coalition website; National Wildlife Federation website; Defenders of Wildlife website; EarthJustice website; Natural Resources Defense Counsel (N.R.D.C.) website.]

* 7/2: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for being mindful that alienation and hunger for possessions results from ignorance of interconnectedness.

* 7/2: Day discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, gender, and religion was prohibited in public accommodations, employment, and education (1964). [The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson.] [Pub. L. 88-352, 78 Stat. 241, 42 U.S.C. 2000a et seq.] [Text of statute] [Title II prohibits discrimination in public accommodations, Title III and Title VI prohibit discrimination by local governments, Title IV and Title IX prohibit discrimination in education, and Title VII prohibits discrimination in employment.] [For information on fighting discrimination based on "race" and "color", see U.S. E.E.O.C. website, and for information on fighting discrimination based on national origin, see U.S. E.E.O.C. website. For information on fighting discrimination based on gender (including sexual harassment), see U.S. E.E.O.C. website. For information on fighting discrimination based on religion, see U.S. E.E.O.C. website.]

* 7/6: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught that ignorance (misunderstanding), desire (greed), aversion (hate), passion (anger), and ego (selfishness and pride) generate negative volitional action, which generates negative karma, which generates negative consequences, which generates suffering. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 7/6: Birthday of Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama. [Tibetan Buddhists believe he is a reincarnation of Avalokitesvara, Bodhisattva God of Compassion.]

* 7/10 (Th B 7/21): Chokhor Duchen--Tibetan (and Theravadin) Buddhist celebration of the Buddha's first teaching. [Theravadin Buddhist festival a/k/a Esala, Ashala Dhamma, Asalha Puja] [Tibetan Buddhist festival: 6th Tibetan month, 4th day; Theravadin Buddhist festival: July UT Full Moon day]

* 7/13 to 7/15: Obon--Zen Buddhist festival honoring departed ancestors. [a/k/a Bon]

* 7/14: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on and emulate Red Tara's conquest of fear and anger. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See Red Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 7/17 to 7/24: Chinese Buddhist festival of Kuan Yin (Tibetan Tara/Japanese Kannon), Supreme Goddess of Nature and Perfect Buddha of many emanations; celebrates Her enlightenment and Her bodhisattva vow to help all sentient beings. Buddhists act daily on their vows to help all sentient beings. [6th Chinese month, 12th to 19th days]

* 7/21: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 8/5: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught that right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration establish the mental discipline needed to end suffering. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 8/6: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for being mindful that desire for power over others results from ignorance of interdependence.

* 8/6: Day to mourn those harmed by the atomic bomb attacks on Japan (1945); day to advocate for world-wide prohibition of all weapons of mass destruction. [Hiroshima was bombed on 8/6/1945; Nagasaki was bombed on 8/9/1945: over 270,000 civilians died from the bombs and radiation.] [Use of weapons of mass destruction is now recognized to constitute a crime against humanity and cannot be justified under any circumstances.] [While the U.S. government bombed Japanese cities, few Americans authorized it. Virtually all Americans alive today disapprove of the disproportionate use of force, and many Americans at the time disapproved as well. While it is appropriate to expect atonement from the U.S. government, it is immoral to blame all Americans today for the acts of the U.S. government in 1945.]

* 8/8: Vigil for democracy and respect for the human rights of all in Burma. [On 8/8/1988, a pro-democracy demonstration opposing the authoritarian military government was attacked by government troops.] [Burma (a/k/a Myanmar) became independent in 1948. However, a military ruler dominated Burma from 1962 to 1988, and a military junta took control in 1988. Despite her National League for Democracy Party being elected in 1990, Aung San Suu Kyi was never allowed to serve in office. Instead, she has been held under house arrest for years. And for years, the military junta suppressed democratic efforts and violated human rights.] [For more information, see Human Rights Watch report: Burma.]

* 8/13: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on and emulate Red Tara's conquest of hate and aggression. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See Red Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 8/15: Dakas' Day--Day Tantric Buddhists make offerings to the Dakas (male embodiments of enlightened energy) and Father Tantra; day to unite will and power to manifest positive social change and environmental healing. [Observed primarily by Tantric initiates.] [a/k/a Daka Puja, Father Tantra Puja, Tsog, Tsok] [10th Tibetan day]

* 8/19: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 8/28: Opening of the Second World Parliament of Religions (1993), attended by members of all the world's religions. A Global Ethic was adopted that condemns hatred, aggression, oppression, and environmental abuses committed in the name of religion. [Text of Global Ethic] [See also website for the Parliament of the World's Religions.]

* 9/3: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught that right effort is the will to prevent negative thoughts from arising that could generate harmful words or action, the will to eliminate negative thoughts that have arisen, the will to generate positive thoughts, and the will to maintain positive thoughts. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 9/3: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for being mindful that harm to the Earth and sentient beings results from ignorance of interdependence.

* 9/3: Day gender discrimination was outlawed world-wide (1981); day to mourn all manifestations of sexism. [Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: adopted by U.N. General Assembly 12/18/1979; signed 3/1/1980; entered into force 9/3/1981.] [Text of Convention] [The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) monitors implementation of the Convention. For more information, see WomenWatch: United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women website; Feminist Majority Foundation website; Human Rights Watch website.] [Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Text of Declaration) and Article 2 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) also prohibit discrimination on account of gender.]

* 9/9: Vigil for respect for the human rights of all in North Korea. [9/9 is North Korea's National Independence Day, commemorating its founding in 1948.]

* 9/11: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on and emulate Gold Tara as provider of all sustenance and necessities. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See Gold Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 9/18: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 9/21: International Day of Peace--Day to demonstrate for peace with justice throughout the world. [Peace can be realized where there is recognition of sovereignty/autonomy, compliance with just law, respectful behavior, responsible sharing of resources, cooperation to attain common goals, and reasonable compromise to enable all to meet lawful goals.] [See International Day of Peace website; International Day of Peace Vigil website.]

* 9/23: Aki-no-Higan--Day Japanese Buddhists mark the time of change by meditating on the impermanence of life. [a/k/a Ohigan]

* 10/1: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for being mindful that fear and hatred of others results from ignorance of interconnectedness.

* 10/3: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught that right mindfulness is complete awareness of breathing, self, and surroundings, and their relationship in the present moment. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 10/5: Day honoring Zen Buddhist philosopher Bodhidharma (470-543), who believed one could attain Buddhahood by realizing one's own Buddha nature. [a/k/a Bodhidharma Day]

* 10/11: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on and emulate Gold Tara's conquest of desire for excessive wealth. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See Gold Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 10/17: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 10/18: Day the Clean Water Act was enacted (1972); day to give thanks for the water we drink. [Pub. L. 92-500, 86 Stat. 896, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.] [Text of statute] [For information on water pollution, see U.S. E.P.A. website; Clean Water America Alliance website; Clean Water Action website; EarthJustice website ; Natural Resources Defense Counsel (N.R.D.C.) website; American Rivers website.]

* 10/21: Chinese Buddhist festival of Goddess Kuan Yin (Tibetan Tara/Japanese Kannon); celebrates Her attainment of Bodhisattvahood. [9th Chinese month, 19th day]

* 10/21: Day military attacks on civilians were outlawed world-wide (1950); day to mourn all civilian victims of war. [All soldiers have a legal duty and a moral obligation to refuse an order to attack a noncombatant. Anyone who plans, orders, or carries out such an act is legally culpable. All attacks on noncombatants should be investigated, prosecuted, and punished.] [Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War a/k/a Fourth Geneva Convention: signed 8/12/1949; entered into force 10/21/1950.] [Text of Convention] [See Wikipedia article on Fourth Geneva Convention.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should condemn all attacks on noncombatants, and should demand an end to them.]

* 10/24: Lha Bab Duchen--Day Tibetan Buddhists celebrate the Buddha's descent from heaven after teaching the Dharma there. [9th Tibetan month, 22nd day] [Some authorities date Lha Bab Duchen at 11/23/2005, which reflects the 10th Tibetan month 22nd day.]

* 11/2: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught that right concentration is emptying the mind of negative thoughts, focusing on positive thoughts, and one-pointed meditation to attain equanimity. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 11/4: World Community Day--Day for celebrating the unity behind diversity and remembering we are all one people - all children of the one universal Deity of many names and aspects.

* 11/5: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for mindfully seeing and acting with compassion for the Earth and all creatures.

* 11/9: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on and emulate Gold Tara's conquest of desire for unneeded things. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See Gold Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 11/16: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 11/16: Tolerance Day--Day to promote harmony in diversity through mutual respect and understanding of all, regardless of gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, religion, culture, language, nationality, or economic status. [Despite international and domestic laws providing for equal rights, freedoms, and protections, members of minority groups are still harassed and discriminated against because of societal intolerance arising from fear and ignorance.] [Intolerance often results from projection of "collective guilt": it is immoral to blame an entire group for the acts of a member unless the entire group empowered the member who acted or endorsed the acts.] [See U.N. website on International Day for Tolerance; Wikipedia article on Declaration of Principles on Tolerance.] [a/k/a International Day for Tolerance]

* 11/17: Fast for an Abundant World Harvest--Day to fast and commit to action to help prevent deaths from malnourishment world-wide. [For more information, see Oxfam America website.] [a/k/a Fast for a World Harvest]

* 11/24: Thanksgiving Day--Day to give thanks for the abundance of our land and for our food, clothes, shelter, and health.

* 11/26: Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on Bodhisattva Deities Manjusri and Prajna-Paramita, consciousness and empowerment of Wisdom. Prajna-Paramita is considered Mother of All Buddhas. [See Manjusri Mantra and Prajna-Paramita Mantra.] [10th Tibetan month, 25th day]

* 12/1: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Ten Perfections to be mastered through meditation on the Buddha's teachings are generosity, morality, selfless detachment, understanding, perseverance, patience, truthfulness, determination, loving-kindness, and equanimity. These develop wisdom and compassion. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

* 12/1: World AIDS Day--Day to pray for healing of all those suffering with AIDS and HIV. [For information on World AIDS Day, see World AIDS Day website. For information about the global fight against AIDS, see UNAIDS website.]

* 12/3: Mindfulness Day--Zen Buddhist day for mindfully seeing and acting with compassion for the poor and oppressed.

* 12/7: National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day--Day to commemorate the bombing of Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and remember the innocent who died in the 1941 attack. [While Emperor Hirohito's Japanese government bombed Pearl Harbor, few Japanese authorized it. Virtually all Japanese alive today disapprove of the unprovoked attack, and many Japanese at the time disapproved as well. While it is appropriate to expect atonement from the Japanese government, it is immoral to blame all Japanese today for the acts of the Japanese government in 1941.] [a/k/a Pearl Harbor Day]

* 12/8: Rohatsu--Zen Buddhist celebration of the Buddha's enlightenment. [a/k/a Bodhi Day]

* 12/8: Tara Puja--Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. Day to meditate on White Tara, who guides the dead to Buddha Amitabha's Pure Land, where all will find salvation. [All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.] [See White Tara Mantra.] [8th Tibetan day]

* 12/10: Day the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted, and fundamental rights were recognized world-wide (1948). [The U.N. General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (U.D.H.R.) in Resolution 217 A(III).] [Text of Declaration] [For information on the history of the U.D.H.R., see Franklin & Eleanor Roosevelt Institute website. The U.D.H.R. is generally recognized as binding customary international law: all countries are required to respect the rights within it. In 1966, the concepts of the U.D.H.R. were expanded and drafted into two binding international treaties with enforcement mechanisms. The Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) is enforced by the Human Rights Committee. The Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (Text of Covenant) is enforced by the Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. For more information, see U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights website; Human Rights Watch website; Amnesty International website.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should demand universal observance of all rights enumerated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights - for all people.] [a/k/a International Human Rights Day]

* 12/15: Amitabha Buddha Day--Day Tibetan and Mahayana Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana. [See Amitabha Mantra.] [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day]

* 12/15: Day the Bill of Rights became part of the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing fundamental rights to all (1791). [Text of Bill of Rights] [For more information about the Bill of Rights and the U.S. Constitution, see U.S. National Archives & Records Administration website and the Bill of Rights Institute website. For information on organizations that advocate for enforcement of rights and liberties in the Bill of Rights, see Center for Constitutional Rights website; American Civil Liberties Union website.] [a/k/a Bill of Rights Day]

* 12/17: Day the Clean Air Act was enacted (1963); day to give thanks for the air we breathe. [Pub. L. 88-206, 77 Stat. 392, 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.] [Text of statute] [For information on air pollution, see U.S. E.P.A. website; American Lung Association website; EarthJustice website; Natural Resources Defense Counsel (N.R.D.C.) website.]

* 12/26: Day to mourn all those killed in the Asian tsunami (2004) and to aid those who survived.

* 12/28: Day the Endangered Species Act was enacted (1973); day to mourn those creatures already extinct. [Pub. L. 93-205, 87 Stat. 884, 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.] [Text of statute] [For information on endangered species preservation, see U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service website; Endangered Species Coalition website; National Wildlife Federation website; Defenders of Wildlife website; EarthJustice website; Natural Resources Defense Counsel (N.R.D.C.) website.]

* 12/31: Shakyamuni Buddha Day--Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts. The Buddha taught that each person is responsible for ending his/her own suffering. [See Shakyamuni Mantra.] [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

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[Buddhism is a religion founded in India by Buddha Siddhartha Gautama (also called Shakyamuni), following his attainment of enlightenment in 528 BCE. Buddhist denominations include Theravada Buddhism (also called Hinayana Buddhism), Mahayana Buddhism (which includes Zen Buddhism and Pure Land Buddhism), and Vajrayana Buddhism (also called Tibetan Buddhism and Tantric Buddhism). Beliefs, ritual practice, and holidays vary among the various Buddhist denominations. The holy scripture of Theravada Buddhism is the Pali Canon: Vinaya Pitaka (Book of Discipline), Sutta Pitaka (Book of Buddha's Discourses), and Abhidhamma Pitaka (Book of Higher Philosophy). The holy scripture of Mahayana and Tantric Buddhism also include: the Heart Sutra, the Wisdom Sutra, the Lotus Sutra, and the Diamond Sutra. Buddhists take refuge in the Buddha, the Dharma (Buddhist teachings), and the Sangha (Buddhist community). They believe in the Four Noble Truths, and follow the Eightfold Path and the Five Precepts of Morality. Buddhists recognize that all Buddhas and Bodhisattvas constitute the ultimate Adi-Buddha. Engaged Buddhism embraces social and environmental activism as well as disarmament and World Peace.]

[The Four Noble Truths are: (1) suffering is part of life; (2) suffering is caused by desire for (and attachment to) sense-pleasures, wealth, power, dogma, and changelessness; (3) freedom from suffering (nirvana) is possible; (4) and the Eightfold Path is the means to freedom from suffering.]

[The Eightfold Path to enlightenment is: (1) right understanding, (2) right thought, (3) right speech, (4) right action, (5) right livelihood, (6) right effort, (7) right mindfulness, and (8) right concentration.]

[The Five Precepts of Morality are: (1) refrain from harming living beings, (2) refrain from taking that which is not given, (3) refrain from sexual misconduct, (4) refrain from false and harmful speech, and (5) refrain from intoxicants that cause heedlessness.]

[The Ten Perfections to be mastered through meditation on the Buddha's teachings are (1) generosity, (2) morality, (3) selfless detachment, (4) understanding, (5) perseverance, (6) patience, (7) truthfulness, (8) determination, (9) loving-kindness, and (10) equanimity.]

[There is no one Buddhist calendar. Theravada Buddhist holidays (with roots in Sri Lanka and Thailand) are based on a Theravada lunisolar calendar. Holidays are calculated based on Universal Time. Zen Buddhist holidays (with roots in Japan) are based on the Japanese (Gregorian) calendar and have fixed dates. Chinese Mahayana Buddhist holidays (Pure Land Buddhist holidays) are based on the Chinese lunisolar calendar and calculated from the Chinese New Year. The Chinese month begins on the day of the New Moon in China. Vajrayana Buddhist holidays (commonly called Tibetan Buddhist holidays or Tantric Buddhist holidays) are based on the unique Tibetan lunisolar calendar. The Tibetan New Year begins just after, or a month following, the Chinese New Year; the Tibetan month begins the day following the New Moon. Pursuant to prevailing practice, Tibetan Buddhist holidays are calculated based on Universal time. Those who wish to practice according to local time may need to make adjustments. Due to the necessity of "missing days" in the Tibetan calendar, some holidays (e.g. Tara Pujas, Dakas' Days, and Dakinis' Days) may be celebrated one day earlier/later on the Gregorian calendar than the date given. Though some Tibetan Buddhist holidays occur annually, many occur fortnightly or monthly.]

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Some Tibetan Buddhist Mantras:

* Shakyamuni Mantra: Om Muni Muni Mahamuni Shakyamuni Svaha.
Mantra to develop insight into the teachings.

* Manjusri Mantra: Om Ah Ra Pa Ca Na Dhih.
Mantra...
to develop wisdom;
for seeing through delusion to what is reality.

* Prajna-Paramita Mantra: Om Namo Bhagavatyai Aryaprajnaparamitayai.
Mantra...
to develop wisdom;
for comprehension of inner meanings.

* Green Tara Mantra: Om Tare Tuttare Ture Svaha.
Mantra...
for aid of all those in need;
to develop compassion;
to develop lovingkindness towards oneself and others;
to aid those in need to help themselves;
to stir the good to action.

* Avalokitesvara Mantra: Om Mani Padmi Hum.
Mantra...
for aid of all those in need;
to develop compassion.

* Gold Tara Mantra: Om Tare Tuttare Ture Pushtim Kuru Om.
Mantra...
for sustenance and the necessities of life for all;
to aid those in poverty to become self-sufficient;
for overcoming desire for excessive wealth;
for overcoming desire for unneeded things;
to stir one into productive action.

* Red Tara Mantra: Om Tare Tuttare Santa Ra Hri Svaha.
Mantra...
for protection from harm of all those in peril;
for overcoming fear and anger;
for overcoming hate and aggression;
for learning to protect oneself and others from evil and harm;
to stop the actions of those who would do harm.

* White Tara Mantra: Om Tare Tuttare Ture Mama Ayu Punya Jnana Pushtim Kuru Svaha.
Mantra...
for healing all who are sick and injured;
for aiding medical professionals to heal the sick and injured;
for aid in healing one's body and mind;
for aid in developing a healthy lifestyle;
for aid in attaining longevity;
for aid in preparation for death.

* Amitayus Mantra: Om Amarani Jivan Tiye Svaha.
Mantra...
for aid in developing a healthy lifestyle;
for aid in attaining longevity.

* Medicine Buddha Mantra: Om Bhaisajye Bhaisajye Mahabhaisajye Bhaisajye Raja Samudgate Svaha.
Mantra...
for healing all who are sick and injured;
for aiding medical professionals to heal the sick and injured;
for aid in healing one's body and mind.

* Amitabha Mantra: Om Amideva Hrih.
Mantra...
for aid in attaining nirvana;
for aid in preparation for death.

[It is recommended that mantras be used only after receiving appropriate teachings and initiations.] 

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Permission to use and distribute these excerpts is granted for non-commercial purposes, provided the following information is included:

Excerpted from
THE MYSTIC'S WHEEL OF THE YEAR 2005
A Multifaith Calendar Reflecting Eco-Egalitarian Spirituality
© 2004 Marija Miovski
www.WheeloftheYear.com