Year 2014
Calendar
By Month...  JAN ~ FEB ~ MAR ~ APR ~ MAY ~ JUN ~ JUL ~ AUG ~ SEP ~ OCT ~ NOV ~ DEC
±±±±±±±±±±
Year 2014
Calendar
By Tradition...
Jewish - Kabbalah
Holidays - 2014
Christian -
Ecumenical Mysticism/
Wisdom Tradition

Holidays - 2014
Unitarian Universalist
Holidays - 2014
Muslim - Sufi
Holidays - 2014
Baha'i Holidays - 2014
±±±±±±±±±±
Hindu Holidays - 2014
Jain & Sikh Holidays - 2014
Buddhist Holidays - 2014
Taoist & Shinto Holidays - 2014
±±±±±±±±±±
Middle-Eastern & African Holidays: Zoroastrian,
Ancient Egyptian, Santeria
- 2014
Native American
(Iroquois, Navajo & Pueblo)
& Meso American
(Inca, Mayan & Aztec)
Holidays
- 2014
Pagan Holidays:
Old Religions of Europe (Greek, Roman, Slavic, Celtic, Anglo-Teutonic & Norse)
- 2014
±±±±±±±±±±
Deep Ecology / Environmentalist
Dates
- 2014
Social Justice /
Human Rights / Feminist
Dates
- 2014
Peace /
Disarmament
Dates
- 2014
±±±±±±±±±±
Solar & Lunar Cycles,
Eclipse & Helions
- 2014
Meteor Showers - 2014
Visible Planets - 2014
Astrological Periods - 2014
±±±±±±±±±±
Experiential Meditations
(for lunar cycles throughout the year)
Empowering Meditations
Action Offerings
(to help the environment 
& further social justice)
Art as Meditation
±±±±±±±±±±±±±±±±±±±±
You are viewing the 2014 calendar. View a different year. Return home.

 

2014 Hindu Holidays 
(includes Shaiva, Vaishnava & Tantric dates)

* 1/1: World Peace Day--Day to meditate for peace throughout the world. [Universal Hour of Peace: 7:00-8:00 a.m. EST.]

* 1/4: Day ethnic discrimination was outlawed world-wide (1969); day to mourn all manifestations of racism. [Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination: signed/adopted 3/7/1966; entered into force 1/4/1969.] [Text of Convention] [The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) monitors implementation of the Convention. For more information, see Human Rights Watch website.] [Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Text of Declaration) and Article 2 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) also prohibit discrimination on account of race.] [The U.N. has designated 3/21 to 3/27 Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling against Racism and Racial Discrimination.]

* 1/8: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 1/11: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh] [Shukla Paksha 11]

* 1/12: Day genocide was outlawed world-wide (1951); day to mourn all victims of genocide. [Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide: signed/adopted 12/9/1948; entered into force 1/12/1951.] [Text of Convention] [For more information, see Prevent Genocide International website.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should condemn all past genocides and, to prevent future genocides, should demand an end to persecution on account of any nationality, ethnicity, "race" or religion.]

* 1/14: Makar Sakranti--Beginning of Hindu pilgrimage to holy rivers to bathe and pray, to purify themselves of their sins. Hindus' life goals are ethical living, passionate love, prosperity, and spiritual devotion. [a/k/a Magh Mela, Kumbh Mela]

* 1/19: World Religions Day--Day to contemplate all religions as different paths to the one universal Deity of many names and aspects.

* 1/29: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 2/4: Sarasvati Puja--Hindu festival honoring Goddess Sarasvati, who represents wisdom, intellect, and knowledge, as well as inspiration, arts, and music. Hindus believe all Gods and Goddesses are aspects of the one Great God-Goddess Maha Deva-Maha Devi. [See Mantra to Sarasvati.] [a/k/a Vasant Panchami, Sri Panchami] [Magh Shukla 5]

* 2/7: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 2/10: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh] [Shukla Paksha 11]

* 2/18: Birthday of Ramakrishna Paramahansa (1836), Hindu mystic who fervently loved Great Goddess Maha Devi - Mother of God, Mother of Nature, Elemental Matter, and Cosmic Power. He recognized Her immanence in all, and knew Her to be a manifestation of the one universal Deity. [Death day 8/16/1886]

* 2/27 to 2/28: Mahashivaratri--Hindu fast, night vigil, and feast for God-Goddess Shiva-Shakti (union of Will and Power), who dances to create, destroy, and re-create the Universe. Tantric Hindus believe Shiva is within all men and Shakti within all women. [See Mantra to Shiva and  Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Shivaratri, Mahashivaratra, Shiva's Night, Bhole ka Vrat, Shiva Vrat, Shiva's Fast, Shiva Puja] [Phalgun Krishna 13-14]

* 3/1: Day the production and use of landmines was outlawed world-wide (1999); day to mourn their victims. [Protocol on Prohibition or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps, and Other Devices a/k/a Convention on Landmines a/k/a Mine Ban Treaty, amending the 1980 Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects: Treaty signed/adopted 10/10/1980; entered into force 12/2/1983; Protocol signed 12/3/1997; entered into force 3/1/1999.] [Text of Convention] [India is still manufacturing landmines. India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and the U.S. have not ratified the Protocol.] [Landmines maim and kill civilians, including children. Those that survive endure a lifetime of hardship.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should renounce the production and use of landmines, and should demand removal and destruction of all existing landmines.] [For more information, see International Campaign to Ban Landmines (I.C.B.L.) website; Landmine Monitor website.] [The U.N. has designated 4/4 International Day for Mine Awareness.]

* 3/8: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 3/8: International Women's Day--Day to mourn victims of gender-based oppression and misogyny (past and present), make peace, and celebrate women's empowerment. [See U.N. website on International Women's Day; A history of International Women's Day.]

* 3/12: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh, Watering Eleventh, Amalaki Ekadashi, Amla Sinchan Gyas] [Phalgun Shukla 11]

* 3/12 to 3/17: Holi--Hindu festival celebrating the courting of God Shiva by Goddess Parvati, and the efforts on Her behalf by Kama (God of Love) and Rati (Goddess of Passion). Shaivas are devoted to God Shiva in all His aspects. [See Mantra to Shiva and Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Little Holi, Bihar Holi, Sri Chaitanya, Big Holi, Dulhendi] [Phalgun Shukla 11-15; Chaitra Krishna 1]

* 3/21: World Forest Day--Day to celebrate the complex living community of trees, plants, birds, and mammals that live in forests world-wide; day to give thanks for forests for cleaning the air of pollution. [Forest once covered 50% of the world. Today, forest covers only 30% of the world. Since 1600, 90% of the original forests that once covered the lower 48 states of the U.S. has been cleared away. Most deforestation of North America, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia occurred before 2000 and has stabilized. Deforestation continues to accelerate in South America and Africa. The rate of world deforestation averaged 5.2 million hectares per year between 2000 and 2010.] [For information about conservation of forests, see American Forests website; Forests.org website; International Union for Conservation of Nature (I.U.C.N.) website; World Wildlife Fund (W.W.F.) website; Greenpeace website. See also Statement of Principles for the Sustainable Management of Forests; Our Forests, Our Future: Summary Report of the World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should demand an end to deforestation, and should demand universal observance of sustainable management practices of the world's forests.] [a/k/a World Forestry Day]

* 3/26: Day production and use of biological weapons was outlawed world-wide (1975); day to mourn their victims. [Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction a/k/a Biological Weapons Convention: signed 4/10/1972; entered into force 3/26/1975.] [Text of Convention] [20 countries are believed to have current or past biological weapons programs.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of biological weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.] [For more information, see Wikipedia article on Biological Warfare. See also U.N. Office for Disarmament Affairs (U.N.O.D.A.) website; Federation of American Scientists (F.A.S.) Biological and Chemical Weapons Main Page.]

* 3/28: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 3/31 to 4/8: Navaratri/Gangaur--Hindu festival honoring Great Goddess Maha Devi as Gauri - life, growth, and fruition. Shaktas are devoted to Great Goddess Maha Devi in all Her aspects. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Vasant Navaratri, Vasant Navratri, Chaitra Navaratri, Chaitra Navratri, Navratras, Navaratra, Gauri Tritiya, Devi Puja, Devi Vrat] [Chaitra Shukla 1-9]

* 4/7: World Health Day--Day to pray for healing of all those chronically and seriously ill; day to advocate for adequate health care for all. [Day the World Health Organization (W.H.O.) was founded in 1948.] [For information on World Health Day, see World Health Organization website.] [For information on the World Health Organization, see World Health Organization website.]

* 4/7 to 4/8: Ramanavami--Birthday of Hindu God Rama (avatar of Vishnu), protector of beloved wife, Goddess Sita (avatar of Lakshmi). Vaishnavas are devoted to God Vishnu and His avatars. [See Mantra to Rama.] [a/k/a Rama Navmi, Ram Navmi] [Chaitra Shukla 8 & 9]

* 4/11: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh] [Shukla Paksha 11]

* 4/22: Earth Day--Day to honor the Earth and to meditate on Deity manifesting as Mother Earth. [For information about Earth Day activities, see Earthday Network website; Envirolink website; U.S. E.P.A. website for Earth Day.] [a/k/a International Earth Day, National Earth Day]

* 4/22: Day the world's nations guaranteed asylum to those persecuted in their homelands on account of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group (1954). [Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees: signed 7/28/1951; entered into force 4/22/1954.] [Text of Convention] [For more information, see United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (U.N.H.C.R.) website; Human Rights Watch website.]

* 4/27: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 4/29: Day production and use of chemical weapons was outlawed world-wide (1997); day to mourn their victims. [Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons a/k/a Chemical Weapons Convention: signed 1/13/1993; entered into force 4/29/1997.] [Text of Convention] [26 countries are believed to have current or past chemical weapons programs. The U.S. is currently in the process of destroying its chemical weapons in compliance with the Treaty.] [In the name of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of chemical weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.] [For more information, see Wikipedia article on Chemical Warfare. See also U.N. Office for Disarmament Affairs (U.N.O.D.A.) website; Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (O.P.C.W.) webpage; Federation of American Scientists (F.A.S.) Biological and Chemical Weapons Main Page.] [a/k/a Day of Remembrance for All Victims of Chemical Warfare] [See U.N. website on Chemical Warfare Victims Remembrance Day.]

* 5/1: National Day of Prayer--Day to pray for freedom of expression, freedom of religion, and separation of religion and government throughout the world. [Freedom of expression, freedom of religion, and separation of religion and government is guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment. For text and information on the First Amendment, see Cornell University's Legal Information Institute website. For domestic organizations that advocate for freedom of religion, see Americans United for Separation of Church and State website; American Civil Liberty Union website. For information on religious freedom in countries around the world, see U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Report; Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief website.]

* 5/7: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 5/9: Day the world's nations committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which are causing climate change (1992); day to mourn the failure to reduce these emissions. [Due to these emissions, the planet has already started to experience the impacts of climate change: increased extremes of summer dryness (heat waves, droughts, and wildfires) and winter wetness (flooding); an increase in extreme weather (hurricanes and tornados); an increase of sea level (loss of coastline and loss of fresh water); a decrease in glaciers and polar ice caps; an increase in volcanic eruptions and earthquakes; loss of human habitat; loss of food availability (increase in food costs); and loss of plant and animal species (on land, in the oceans, and on the ice caps).] [Framework Convention on Climate Change: adopted 5/9/1992; signed 6/4/1992; entered into force 3/21/1994.] [Text of Convention] [The Kyoto Protocol, which includes mandatory reduction goals, was adopted by 180 nations 12/11/1997, signed 3/16/1998, and entered into force 2/16/2005.] [Text of Protocol] [The U.S. has refused to ratify the Protocol. Total U.S. emissions have increased by 11% from 1990 to 2010. They have been increasing at an annual average rate of .5%. The U.S. is the biggest polluter on the planet. 25% of the planet's carbon dioxide emissions is emitted by the U.S.] [For more information, see U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change website; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change website; Center for International Environmental Law website; Greenpeace website; EarthJustice website; U.S. E.P.A. website on U.S. emissions 1990-2010; Columbia University website on Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors. See also Wikipedia article on the Kyoto Protocol.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should demand universal observance of practices that effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions.]

* 5/10: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh] [Shukla Paksha 11]

* 5/17: Day Sri Lanka's 26-year civil war ended (2009); vigil for true peace, religious tolerance, and equal rights for all in Sri Lanka. [Sri Lanka's civil war arose out of the legal preference given to the Sinhala people, the Sinhalese language, and the Buddhist religion over the Tamil people, the Tamil language, and the Hindu religion. The Sri Lankan civil war lasted from 7/23/1983 to 5/17/2009, when the Sinhalese-dominated government defeated the LTTE/Tamil Tigers, which had sought a separate Tamil state.] [See Wikipedia article on the Sri Lankan Civil War. For a timeline on the conflict, see BBC News website. For information on the peace process, see Sri Lankan government peace process website; National Peace Council of Sri Lanka website. For information on the human rights situation, see Human Rights Watch report: Sri Lanka; U.S. State Department International Religious Freedom Report for 2011: Sri Lanka.] [Articles 2 and 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Text of Declaration) and Articles 2 and 18 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) guarantee freedom of religion and prohibit discrimination on account of religion, language, and ethnicity.]

* 5/22: Biological Diversity Day--Day to recognize that the survival of humanity is dependent on the survival of the many diverse species on the Earth: The extinction of other species will bring about our own extinction. [There has been a 40% loss of species between 1970 and 2000 due to habitat destruction, over-harvesting, and pollution. Our unsustainable consumption exceeds the biological capacity of the Earth by about 20%.] [See U.N. website on International Day for Biological Diversity.] [And see the Convention on Biological Diversity: signed 6/5/1992; entered into force 12/29/1993.] [Text of Convention] [And see the Convention on Biological Diversity website.] [The Convention on Biological Diversity was contracted to ensure conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.] [For more information, see Center for International Environmental Law website.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should demand universal observance of practices that effectively preserve all species of life, and should demand an end to habitat destruction, over-harvesting, and pollution of all kinds.] [a/k/a International Day for Biological Diversity, World Biological Diversity Day, Biodiversity Day]

* 5/26: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 6/6: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 6/8: World Oceans Day--Day to recognize the world's dependence on the oceans for food and medicine; day to advocate for the sustainable management of all ocean resources and for an end to the pollution of the oceans with toxins and trash. [See U.N. website on World Oceans Day.] [For information on ocean pollution and fisheries conservation, see Greenpeace website; EarthJustice website; Natural Resources Defense Counsel (N.R.D.C.) website.] [Fish stocks have collapsed in almost one-third of all ocean fisheries. The rate of decline is accelerating and total loss of fisheries could occur by mid-century. Fishery decline is caused by overfishing the stock, the loss of marine biodiversity associated with the stock, pollution, and climate change. Establishing core protected areas for each surviving stock and preventing the stock from being fished above the maximum sustainable yield are crucial for its survival.] [For information about the collapse of fishery stocks, see U.N. Environment Programme report "In Dead Water"; National Center for Policy Analysis article; Wikipedia article on Overfishing.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should demand an end to pollution of the oceans, and should demand universal observance of sustainable management practices of ocean fisheries.] 

* 6/9: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh, Waterless Eleventh, Nirjala Ekadashi] [Jyestha Shukla 11]

* 6/25: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 6/26: Day torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment were outlawed world-wide (1987); day to mourn their continued existence. [Torture is an illegal, immoral, and ineffective means of interrogation and punishment. All officials have a legal duty and moral obligation to refuse an order to commit torture and to prevent it from occurring. Anyone who attempts, conspires, or commits torture is legally culpable. All acts of torture should be investigated, prosecuted, and punished. Neither war nor civil strife nor emergency justifies torture.] [Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment: adopted 12/10/1984; signed 2/4/1985; entered into force 6/26/1987.] [Text of Convention] [The Committee Against Torture monitors implementation of the Convention. For more information, see U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights website; Human Rights Watch website.] [Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Text of Declaration) and Article 7 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) also guarantee freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.] [See U.N. website on Torture Victims' Day.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should condemn torture, and should demand an end to the use of torture - of anyone for any purpose.] [a/k/a International Day in Support of Victims of Torture]

* 7/1: Day the world's nations committed to stop proliferation of nuclear weapons (1968); vigil to protest the production and use of all nuclear weapons world-wide. [Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: signed 7/1/1968; entered into force 3/5/1970.] [Text of Convention] [The U.S. used 2 atomic bombs on Japan in 8/1945: over 270,000 civilians died from the bombs and radiation. The original nuclear powers have failed to destroy their nuclear weapons in spite of the Treaty's requirement that they work towards disarmament. India has developed nuclear weapons in spite of the Treaty's prohibition; India has not ratified the Treaty. 9 countries are known to currently possess nuclear weapons, and other countries are attempting to develop or acquire them.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of nuclear weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.] [For more information, see Wikipedia article on Nuclear Warfare. See also U.N. Office for Disarmament Affairs (U.N.O.D.A.) website; International Atomic Energy Agency (I.A.E.A.) website. And see Federation of American Scientists (F.A.S.) nuke guide for information on India's nukes.]

* 7/1: Day endangered species became internationally protected (1975); day to celebrate all the world's creatures. [Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora a/k/a C.I.T.E.S.: signed/adopted 3/3/1973; entered into force 7/1/1975.] [Text of Convention] [For more information, see U.N. Environment Programme C.I.T.E.S. website; World Wildlife Fund (W.W.F.) website; Endangered Species Coalition website; National Wildlife Federation website; Defenders of Wildlife website; EarthJustice website; Natural Resources Defense Counsel (N.R.D.C.) website.]

* 7/2: Day discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, gender, and religion was prohibited in public accommodations, employment, and education (1964). [The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson.] [Pub. L. 88-352, 78 Stat. 241, 42 U.S.C. 2000a et seq.] [Text of statute] [Title II prohibits discrimination in public accommodations, Title III and Title VI prohibit discrimination by local governments, Title IV and Title IX prohibit discrimination in education, and Title VII prohibits discrimination in employment.] [For information on fighting discrimination based on "race" and "color", see U.S. E.E.O.C. website, and for information on fighting discrimination based on national origin, see U.S. E.E.O.C. website. For information on fighting discrimination based on gender (including sexual harassment), see U.S. E.E.O.C. website. For information on fighting discrimination based on religion, see U.S. E.E.O.C. website.]  

* 7/5: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 7/8: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh, God-Sleeping Eleventh, Dev-Shayani Ekadashi] [Ashadha Shukla 11]

* 7/24: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 8/1: Day the production and use of cluster munitions was outlawed world-wide (2010); day to mourn their victims. [The Convention on Cluster Munitions a/k/a C.C.M.: Treaty adopted 5/30/2008, signed 12/3/2008; entered into force 8/1/2010.] [Text of Convention] [See Convention on Cluster Munitions website; Wikipedia article on Convention on Cluster Munitions.] [See also U.N. Charter Article 26, which gives the U.N. Security Council authority to regulate armaments.] [Text of U.N. Charter, chapter V, article 26] [The treaty was opposed by countries that produce or stockpile significant quantities of cluster munitions, including the U.S. and India. For more information, see Cluster Munition Coalition (C.M.C.) website; Cluster Munition Monitor website.] [Cluster bombs disperse smaller bomblets over a wide area. They are inherently inaccurate, making civilian casualties more likely. Unexploded cluster bombs remain a life-threatening hazard for civilians long after conflict ends.] [See Wikipedia article on Cluster Munitions.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should renounce the production and use of cluster munitions, and should demand removal and destruction of all existing cluster munitions.]

* 8/4: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 8/7: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh] [Shukla Paksha 11]

* 8/15: Day India was partitioned into India and Pakistan, and Kashmir joined India over Pakistan's objection (1947); vigil for true peace, justice, and religious tolerance for all in South Asia. [About the Indo-Pakistani conflict] [For information on the nuclear problem, see Federation of American Scientists (F.A.S.) website: Indo-Pakistani Conflict; India's nukes; Pakistan's nukes. For information on the history of the conflict, see Jammu & Kashmir : The Complete Knowledge Base. For information on the human rights situation today, see Human Rights Watch report: India; Human Rights Watch report: Pakistan; U.S. State Department International Religious Freedom Report for 2011: India; U.S. State Department International Religious Freedom Report for 2011: Pakistan.]

* 8/16 to 8/17: Sri Krishna Jayanti--Birthday of Hindu God Krishna (avatar of God Vishnu), beloved of Goddess Radha (avatar of Goddess Lakshmi). [See Mantra to Krishna.] [a/k/a Janmashtami, Janmastami, Govinda] [Bhadrapad Krishna 7 & 8]

* 8/23: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 8/28: Opening of the Second World Parliament of Religions (1993), attended by members of all the world's religions. A Global Ethic was adopted that condemns hatred, aggression, oppression, and environmental abuses committed in the name of religion. [Text of Global Ethic] [See also website for the Parliament of the World's Religions.]

* 8/29 to 9/8: Ganesha Chaturthi--Hindu festival honoring God Ganesha (son of Goddess Parvati and God Shiva) as the Challenger - creator and remover of obstacles. [See Mantra to Ganesha.] [a/k/a Ganesh Chaturthi, Ganesh Chaturathi, Ganesh Chauth] [Bhadrapad Shukla 4-14]

* 9/2: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 9/3: Day gender discrimination was outlawed world-wide (1981); day to mourn all manifestations of sexism. [Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: adopted by U.N. General Assembly 12/18/1979; signed 3/1/1980; entered into force 9/3/1981.] [Text of Convention] [The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) monitors implementation of the Convention. For more information, see U.N. Women: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women website; Feminist Majority Foundation website; Human Rights Watch website.] [Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Text of Declaration) and Article 2 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) also prohibit discrimination on account of gender.]

* 9/5: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh] [Shukla Paksha 11]

* 9/9 to 9/24: Saradhas--Hindu festival in which offerings are made for departed ancestors. [a/k/a Sraddhas, Pitr-Paksha] [Ashwin Krishna 1-15/30]

* 9/15: International Day of Democracy--Day to celebrate democratic systems of government throughout the world, bound by rule of law, principles of human rights, and civilian control. Day to affirm democracy's compatibility with all peoples, all cultures, and all religions. [In a democracy, both military and police are subject to rule of law and subordinate to civilian government. The military exists to protect the lawful civilian government and civilians; the police exists to enforce the law and protect people from criminals.] [See U.N. website on International Day of Democracy.] [a/k/a Democracy Day]

* 9/21: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 9/21: International Day of Peace--Day to demonstrate for peace with justice throughout the world. [Peace can be realized where there is recognition of sovereignty/autonomy, compliance with just law, respectful behavior, responsible sharing of resources, cooperation to attain common goals, and reasonable compromise to enable all to meet lawful goals.] [See International Day of Peace website; International Day of Peace Vigil website.]

* 9/25 to 10/4: Navaratri/Durga Puja--Hindu festival of Great Goddess Maha Devi as Durga, Protector of the Powerless; celebrates Her destruction of evil and restoration of cosmic order. Tantric Hindus recognize gender equality and reject caste [See Mantra to Durga.] [a/k/a Sharad Navaratri, Sharad Navratri, Ashwin Navaratri, Ashwin Navratri, Maha Navaratri, Navratras, Navaratra, Vijaya Dashami, Dussehra, Dasara, Dasehra, Devi Puja, Devi Vrat] [Ashwin Shukla 1-10]

* 10/2: Birthday of Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi (1869), Hindu advocate for human rights and self-reliance, who practiced active non-violent resistance to injustice. [Gandhi envisioned a world where women and untouchables would be empowered and respected. Gandhi envisioned a world where members of all faiths (including Hindus, Muslims, and Christians) would live harmoniously together.] [Death day 1/30/1948] [a/k/a Gandhi Jayanti]

* 10/4: Dussehra--Recounts the rescue of Hindu Goddess Sita (avatar of Lakshmi) by God Rama (avatar of Vishnu) from an evil demon. [See Mantra to Rama.] [a/k/a Dasara, Dasera, Dussera, Dassehra] [Ashwin Shukla 10]

* 10/5: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh] [Shukla Paksha 11]

* 10/18: Day the Clean Water Act was enacted (1972); day to give thanks for the water we drink. [Pub. L. 92-500, 86 Stat. 896, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.] [Text of statute] [For information on water pollution, see U.S. E.P.A. website; Clean Water America Alliance website; Clean Water Action website; EarthJustice website ; Natural Resources Defense Counsel (N.R.D.C.) website; American Rivers website.]

* 10/20 to 10/23: Diwali/Lunar New Year/Festival of Lights--Hindu festival for Goddess Lakshmi (source of health, fertility, and prosperity) and Her consort, God Vishnu (the preserver of life); focus is on peace-making and new beginnings. [See Mantra to Lakshmi and Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Divali, Dipavali, Deepavali, Bandi Chhor Divas] [Kartik Krishna 12-15/30]

* 10/21: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 10/21: Day military attacks on civilians were outlawed world-wide (1950); day to mourn all civilian victims of war. [All soldiers have a legal duty and a moral obligation to refuse an order to attack a noncombatant. Anyone who plans, orders, or carries out such an act is legally culpable. All attacks on noncombatants should be investigated, prosecuted, and punished.] [Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War a/k/a Fourth Geneva Convention: signed 8/12/1949; entered into force 10/21/1950.] [Text of Convention] [See Wikipedia article on Fourth Geneva Convention.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should condemn all attacks on noncombatants, and should demand an end to them.]

* 10/23: Kali Puja--Hindu festival honoring Great Goddess Maha Devi as Kali - decay, death, and transformation. Hindus believe all Gods and Goddesses are aspects of the limitless, attributeless, immanent, and transcendent Brahman. [See Mantra to Kali.] [Kartik Krishna 15/30]

* 10/31: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 11/3: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh, God-Awakening Eleventh, Dev-Prabodhini Ekadashi, Dev Uthani Gyas] [Kartik Shukla 11]

* 11/7: World Community Day--Day for celebrating the unity behind diversity and remembering we are all one people - all children of the one universal Deity of many names and aspects.

* 11/16: Tolerance Day--Day to promote harmony in diversity through mutual respect and understanding of all, regardless of gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, religion, culture, language, nationality, or economic status. [Despite international and domestic laws providing for equal rights, freedoms, and protections, members of minority groups are still harassed and discriminated against because of societal intolerance arising from fear and ignorance.] [Intolerance often results from projection of "collective guilt": it is immoral to blame an entire group for the acts of a member unless the entire group empowered the member who acted or endorsed the acts.] [See U.N. website on International Day for Tolerance; Wikipedia article on Declaration of Principles on Tolerance.] [a/k/a International Day for Tolerance]

* 11/20: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 11/20: Fast for an Abundant World Harvest--Day to fast and commit to action to help prevent deaths from malnourishment world-wide. [For more information, see Oxfam America website.] [a/k/a Fast for a World Harvest]

* 11/27: Thanksgiving Day--Day to give thanks for the abundance of our land and for our food, clothes, shelter, and health.

* 11/29: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* 12/1: World AIDS Day--Day to pray for healing of all those suffering with AIDS and HIV. [For information on World AIDS Day, see World AIDS Day website. For information about the global fight against AIDS, see UNAIDS website.]

* 12/2: Vishnu Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu (the Sustainer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Vishnu.] [a/k/a Vishnu Vrat, Ekadashi, Vishnu's Eleventh] [Shukla Paksha 11]

* 12/6: Day the Babri Mosque was destroyed by a Hindu mob in Ayodhya, India (1992); day to mourn willful destruction of any place of worship. Places of worship of all religions should be respected by all. [Prior to its construction in 1528, the mosque had been a Hindu temple that marked the birthplace of the God Rama. That temple had been destroyed by Babur as part of his effort to conquer and Islamize the area. 2000 Hindu temples were allegedly destroyed by him. The Indian government has since divided the land to allow construction of both a mosque and a temple.]

* 12/10: Day the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted, and fundamental rights were recognized world-wide (1948). [The U.N. General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (U.D.H.R.) in Resolution 217 A(III).] [Text of Declaration] [For information on the history of the U.D.H.R., see Franklin & Eleanor Roosevelt Institute website. The U.D.H.R. is generally recognized as binding customary international law: all countries are required to respect the rights within it. In 1966, the concepts of the U.D.H.R. were expanded and drafted into two binding international treaties with enforcement mechanisms. The Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Text of Covenant) is enforced by the Human Rights Committee. The Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (Text of Covenant) is enforced by the Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. For more information, see U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights website; Human Rights Watch website; Amnesty International website.] [In the names of Devi, Vishnu, and Shiva, and for love of Them, Hindus should demand universal observance of all rights enumerated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights - for all people.] [a/k/a International Human Rights Day]

* 12/15: Day the Bill of Rights became part of the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing fundamental rights to all (1791). [Text of Bill of Rights] [For more information about the Bill of Rights and the U.S. Constitution, see U.S. National Archives & Records Administration website and the Bill of Rights Institute website. For information on organizations that advocate for enforcement of rights and liberties in the Bill of Rights, see Center for Constitutional Rights website; American Civil Liberties Union website.] [a/k/a Bill of Rights Day] 

* 12/17: Day the Clean Air Act was enacted (1963); day to give thanks for the air we breathe. [Pub. L. 88-206, 77 Stat. 392, 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.] [Text of statute] [For information on air pollution, see U.S. E.P.A. website; American Lung Association website; EarthJustice website; Natural Resources Defense Counsel (N.R.D.C.) website.]

* 12/20: Shiva Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Shiva.] [a/k/a Shiva Vrat, Shiv Teras, Shiva's Thirteenth] [Krishna Paksha 13]

* 12/26: Day to mourn all those killed in the Asian tsunami (2004) and to aid those who survived.

* 12/28: Day the Endangered Species Act was enacted (1973); day to mourn those creatures already extinct. [Pub. L. 93-205, 87 Stat. 884, 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.] [Text of statute] [For information on endangered species preservation, see U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service website; Endangered Species Coalition website; National Wildlife Federation website; Defenders of Wildlife website; EarthJustice website; Natural Resources Defense Counsel (N.R.D.C.) website.] 

* 12/29: Devi Puja--Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi (Great Goddess who encompasses all Goddesses). Flowers, incense, lamps, and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten. [See Mantra to Devi.] [a/k/a Devi Vrat, Devi Ashtami, Devi's Eighth] [Shukla Paksha 8]

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

[Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma) originated in India but is now practiced throughout South Asia, and in East Asia, Europe, North America, and the Caribbean. The holy scripture of the Hindus is the Vedas: the Rig Veda (containing verses of praise), the Yajur Veda (containing ritual offering requirements), the Sama Veda (containing verses or chants for ritual offerings), and the Atharva Veda (containing magical verses). Hindu sacred literature also includes the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, the Upanishads, the Sutras, the Sastras, the Epics, and the Puranas. There are three primary denominations of Hinduism: Shaivism (including Yoga) is focused on God Shiva in all His aspects, Shaktism is focused on Great Goddess Maha Devi (who encompasses all Goddesses), and Vaishnavism is focused on God Vishnu and His avatars (including Rama and Krishna). Tantrism (Tantra), a smaller denomination of Hinduism, is focused on either Shiva and Devi/Shakti or Vishnu and Devi/ (or Krishna and Radha). Hinduism is also practiced as Smarta (first introduced to non-Indians in the United States by Swami Vivekananda), and includes organizations such as the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON/Hare Krishna Movement), founded by Abhay Charanaravinda Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, and Self-Realization Fellowship, founded by Paramahansa Yogananda.]

[Hindus believe all Gods are aspects of the one Great God Maha Deva. Hindus believe all Goddesses are aspects of the one Great Goddess Maha Devi. Hindus believe all Gods and Goddesses are aspects of the one Great God-Goddess Maha Deva-Maha Devi. And Ultimately, Hindus believe that the unification of all Gods and Goddesses constitutes Brahman, which is believed to be infinite in power and qualities, yet simultaneously beyond form and qualities. Brahman is the indescribable ultimate reality beyond the senses, reason, and imagination. Brahman is the source of all.]

[Devotion to a God or Goddess (Bhakti) is often expressed with poetry, music, and dance. Hindus offer daily puja (worship) to the God or Goddess in home shrines or village temples. To honor a God or Goddess, some Hindus fast from grains (vrat) (in addition to meat) for a day each week, fortnight, or month. Hindu Gods and Goddesses are also honored during Hindu festivals. Hindu holidays have different names, meanings, and practices, depending on whether the celebrants are Shaivas, Shaktas, Vaishnaivas, or Tantrics, and depending on the region of India that the holiday is celebrated.]

[Hindu holidays are dated based on the Indian lunisolar calendar (Bikrami calendar or Vikram Samvat). In different localities, festivals may be celebrated a day earlier or a day later than the date given.]

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Some Hindu Mantras:

* Shiva Mantra: Om Namah Shivaya.
(Praise and adoration to Shiva!)
(The mantra also embodies the five elements:
Na is earth, Ma is water, Si is fire, Va is air, and Ya is ether.)  

* Devi Mantra: Om Hreem Namah; Om Maha Mata Devi; Om Adi Shakti; Om Sarab Shakti.
(Praise and adoration to the Mother of the Universe, who is within all Nature!
Praise Great Mother Goddess Devi!
Praise Primordial Power!
Praise All-encompassing Power!)  

* Durga Mantra: Om Sri Durgayai Namah; Om Dum Durgayai Namah.
(Praise and adoration to Honored Durga!
Praise and adoration to Durga, Protector of the Universe!)  

* Kali Mantra: Om Kreem Kalikayai Namah.
(Praise and adoration to Mother Kali, Destroyer of Illusion!)  

* Vishnu Mantra: Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya.
(Praise and adoration to the Lord who abides in all things
and in whom all things abide!)  

* Rama Mantra: Om Sri Ramaya Namah.
(Praise and adoration to Honored Rama!)

* Krishna Mantra: Om Kleem Krishnaya Namah.
(Praise and adoration to Krishna, Source of Love and Desire!)

* Lakshmi Mantra: Om Sri Maha Lakshmyai Namah.
(Praise and adoration to Great Lakshmi, Source of Abundance and Fortune!)

* Sarasvati Mantra: Om Aim Saraswatyai Namah.
(Praise and adoration to Saraswati, Source of Intellect and Creativity!)

* Ganesh Mantra: Om Gam Ganapataye Namah.
(Praise and adoration to Ganesha, Remover of Obstacles!)

[It is recommended that mantras be used only after receiving appropriate teachings and initiations.]

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Permission to use and distribute these excerpts is granted for non-commercial purposes, provided the following information is included:

Excerpted from 
THE MYSTIC'S WHEEL OF THE YEAR 2014
A Multifaith Calendar Reflecting Eco-Egalitarian Spirituality
© 2013 Marija Miovski
www.WheeloftheYear.com